Dubrovnik is well known as the filming location of the series Game of Thrones ˝portraying˝ it’s capital city Kings Landing, as well as ˝Nottingham˝in the recent Robin Hood movie.
There are several city entrances, one of them is the Pile gate, which is the main entrance. It consists of two doors outside and inside the walls, as well as two bridges, stone bridge with arches and a drawbridge. When you enter through this city gate you will find yourself on the 300m long main street called Stradun or Placa.
As we mentioned before, Walls of Dubrovnik are the most magnificent fortification monument with significant fortresses (on the north side of City Walls is the strong circular Minceta Tower, on the southeast side, is located the complex St. John Fortress, to the east side of the city port is the Revelin Fortress, and the western city entrance is protected by the strong Fort Bokar.
The western side of the city protects freestanding St. Lawrence Fortress from possible land and sea assaults (also known as Lovrijenac).
The Maritime Museum and Aquarium are the part of the St. John fortress today.
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Revelin has an irregular quadrilateral form. The fort was not harmed by the earthquake of 1667 because of its perfect and strong construction. After an earthquake, Revelin became the administrative center of the Republic. There are three large valuated rooms in its interior. There were organized the sessions of the Council and all the treasures of the Dubrovnik cathedral and Republic were transferred there.
In the inside of the Revelin fort, there is a night club where are organizing rock concerts, techno parties, regular night club evenings and exclusive entry parties.
FUN FACT: There is a large stone – paved terrace on the top of Revelin which is sometimes used as a stage for many events of the Dubrovnik Summer Festival in a period from July 10th to August 25th.
Walls of Dubrovnik were built in the 13th century. During the 15th century were built 15 towers as a part of the city walls, some of them are preserved until today. There used to be four gates leading into The City of Dubrovnik: the Pile Gate, The Ploce Gate, the Peskarija Gate, and the Ponta Gate. Buza Gate was opened in the northern part of the Walls in 1908 during the Austrian rule.
Pile Gate was built in the 14th century by Ivan of Siena. Today that is the main entrance into the Old Town and main street Stradun. There are Outer City Gates and the Inner City Gates.
Ploce Gate is the main entrance to the Old Town from the eastern side which also has a bridge like Pile Gate. This gate (also known as Vrata od Ploca) was built in the 14th century. The bridge was built according to the prototype of Pile Gate’s bridge by Ivan of Siena, but later it was demolished and after reparation, the wooden drawbridge had been inserted.
Crossing this bridge you can come to the Revelin fortress and in the continuation, there is the main street of Dubrovnik City- Stradun. Ploče Gates has also Inner and Outer Gates. The Inner Ploče Gate was built in Romanesque style and are really small. Above the gate stands a stone statue of the patron of Dubrovnik, St. Blaise, also in a Romanesque style. During the period of Austrian occupation at the end of the 19th century, the new, larger gates were opened next to these. The Outer Ploce gate was built in 1450 by Simeone Della Cava. In the 19th century, the gate was widened.
Ponta Gate (means “pier” in Croatian ) was designed by Juraj Dalmatinac and built by Paskoje Miličević during the 15th century. This Gates leads to the Old Port of Dubrovnik Old Town. When you exit the Old Town by this gate, you will see the circular St. John Fort on the right side.
If you go from Prijeko to Ruđer Bošković Street, you will come to Buža Gate. This street was named after the native house of Ruđer Bošković (Croatian astronomer, poet, and scientist from the 18th century). Buža Gate was opened in the city walls in 1908.
The land part of the city walls stretches all the way from fort Bokar in the West to the Revelin fortress in the East. The walls on this side are 4m to 6m thick, and they reach up to 25m in height.
Fort Minčeta is located in the North part of the walls, facing towards the land. lt protected landward part of the City and it was the highest point in Dubrovnik defense system.
The walls are additionally protected with slanted protecting walls as a defense against artillery fire and possible Ottoman attacks.
There are four city gates that lead into the City: two that lead to the harbor and two to the mainland. Buža Gate was opened in the northern wall during the Austrian rule in 1908.
From this side, you will get an incredible view over the City’s red roofs, and the Adriatic sea in the back.
Gate of Pile
Pile Gate was built in the 14th century by Ivan of Siena. Today that is the main entrance into the Old Town and main street Stradun. There are Outer City Gate and the Inner City Gate. Outer City Gate was built in the 16th century (1537.) with a Renaissance arch.
There is a wooden drawbridge that you have to cross so you can enter the Outer Gates. Inner Ploce Gate was built in the 15th century in Gothic style according to the prototype of Peskarija Gate in 1460. Above the gate, there is a Statue of St Blaise made by Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštorović.
The drawbridge was closed each night during the Dubrovnik Republic and nowadays the gates of Dubrovnik are always open to countless visitors.
The walls on the seaside stretch from Fort Bokar in the West to the Fortress of St John in the South and all the way to the detached Revelin Fortress.
The sea facing walls are thick from 1,5 up to 5 m and their purpose was to defend the City from the possible attacks that were coming from the sea, especially from the Republic of Venice as the Venetians were often considered a threat to Dubrovnik’s safety.
The City harbor is located in the eastern part of the City and it is one of the oldest parts of Dubrovnik. It was built around Late Antique castle as well as Pre-Romanesque cathedral and Rector’s palace.
The harbor was designed and constructed by local engineer Paskoje Miličević in the late 15th century, the harbor kept its looks until today, the same one can be seen on the palm of St Blaise in the triptych painted by artist Nikola Božidarević in the early 16th century.
The most prominent part of the harbor are three arches of the great arsenal that was built in the late 12th century, today this arsenal houses City cafe and theatre.
As a part of the harbor, there is also Kaše jetty (or Kaše breakwater) that was also built by the design of Paskoje Miličević in the 15th century. Its purpose was to defend the harbor and protect it from the wind and waves. This jetty was constructed of huge blocks that were laid over wooden foundations without binder.
A bit further, next to the St John Fortress (initially called tower of Muo) is Porporela pier and a breakwater that was built in the 19th century, Porporela along with the rest of the harbor have become promenades and tourist attractions.
There are two entrances to the city port area: the fish market gate, built in the 14th century, situated on the east side from the Great Arsenal and the other gate is Gate of Ponte, built in the 15th century, on the west side from the Great Arsenal.